Freund M, Schiffmann I, Rahn AC, Chard D, Lukas C, Scheiderbauer J, Sippel A, Heesen C.

Background: People with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) lack sufficient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) knowledge to truly participate in frequently occurring MRI-related therapy decisions. An evidence-based patient information (EBPI) about MRI is currently lacking. Objective: The aim of this study was to develop an evidence-based online education program about limitations and benefits of MRI for pwMS. Ultimately, our goal was to improve MRI risk-knowledge, empower pwMS, and promote shared decision-making. Methods: The program’s contents were based on literature research and a previous pilot study. It was revised following 2 evaluation rounds with pwMS, MRI experts and expert patients. In a pilot study, n = 92 pwMS received access to the program for 4 weeks. User experiences and acceptance, MRI knowledge (MRI-RIKNO 2.0 questionnaire) and emotions and attitudes toward MRI (MRI-EMA questionnaire) were assessed. Results were compared to a previous survey population of n = 508 pwMS without access to the program. Results: Participants rated the program as easy to understand, interesting, relevant, recommendable, and encouraging. In comparison to pwMS without access to the program, MRI risk-knowledge and perceived MRI competence were higher. Conclusion: Satisfaction with the program and good MRI-risk knowledge after usage demonstrates the need and applicability of EBPI about MRI in MS.

Front Neurol. 2022 Mar 28;13:856240

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