Roesner S, Appel R, Gbadamosi J, Martin R, Heesen C.

OBJECTIVES: Until now, the significance of plasma exchange (PE) as a treatment for steroid-unresponsive optic neuritis (ON) is still unclear because placebo-controlled and larger studies are missing. We report our experience with 23 patients treated by PE due to steroid-unresponsive ON. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were admitted to the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf between 2006 and 2010 with a visual acuity of <50% on the affected eye following steroid treatment. Ten patients suffered from RR-MS, one from neuromyelitis optica, and 12 patients developed ON as a clinically isolated syndrome. Routinely, they were treated with five cycles of PE. Visual acuity was measured before and directly after PE and during follow-up (first follow-up after 50 days, second follow-up after 174 days). RESULTS: Altogether, 70% of our patients improved after PE, 69% of them showed a good or very good response to therapy. Patients who improved well after PE (n = 11) showed a mean visual acuity of 16% before PE compared to 45% immediately after PE and 60% at the first follow-up. No serious adverse events occurred. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, our study is the largest case series of patients with steroid-unresponsive ON treated with PE. Based on our experience, we conclude that PE is an important treatment option for patients with steroid-unresponsive ON although placebo-controlled studies are missing until now.

Acta Neurol. Scand. 2012;126:103-8.

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