Kneussel M, Friese MA

Neuronal function relies on tightly controlled cytoskeleton transport with adaptive cargo trafficking as prerequisite for synaptic transmission. During inflammation in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), axonal transport efficiency declines, followed by neurodegeneration. Furthermore, neuroinflammation causes an imbalance between excitatory and inhibitory transmission, triggering synaptic dysfunction and loss. Recent data suggest that neuronal transport and synaptic deficits during neuroinflammation are functionally interconnected. 

Neuron. 2021 May 19;109(10):1754-1754

Link to Pubmed