Funke M, Eveslage M, Zschüntzsch J, Hagenacker T, Ruck T, Schubert C, Schroeter M, Meisel A, Wiendl H, Hoffmann S, Lünemann JD.

Fatigue is commonly associated with myasthenia gravis (MG), but factors contributing to fatigue development in MG are incompletely understood. This nationwide cross-sectional registry study included 1464 patients diagnosed with autoimmune MG, recruited between February 2019 and April 2023. Frequency and severity of fatigue was assessed at study inclusion using the patient-reported Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire (CFQ). Frequency of fatigue was 59%. Fatigue severity strongly correlated with both patient-reported and physician-assessed MG outcome measures (MG-ADL, MG-QoL15, QMG and MGFA classes) and was associated with a history of myasthenic exacerbation and/or myasthenic crises and a delay in diagnosis of more than 1 year after symptom onset. Fatigue was more prevalent in women and coincided with symptoms of depression, anxiety, and sleep dissatisfaction. Differences in fatigue severity were observed between antibody (ab) subgroups, with highest fatigue severity in LRP4-ab-positive patients and lowest fatigue severity in AChR-ab-positive patients. Fatigue is a frequent and clinically highly relevant symptom of MG. Early diagnosis and prevention of MG crises may limit the long-term burden of fatigue in patients with MG.

J Neurol. 2024 Jun 13. doi: 10.1007/s00415-024-12490-2

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