Ambra MG, Pöttgen J, Anglada E, Menendez R, Hoyer J, Giordano A, Pakenham KI, Galan I, Solari A.

Purpose: The Comprehensive assessment of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) processes (CompACT) is a 23-item self-report questionnaire assessing psychological flexibility, which is the overarching construct underpinning the ACT framework. We conducted a two-phase project to develop validated versions of the CompACT in three languages: phase 1-cross-cultural adaptation; and phase 2-psychometric validation of the questionnaire for use in Italy, Germany and Spain. This article focuses on the first phase. Methods: We translated and culturally adapted the CompACT in the three target languages, following the ISPOR TCA Task Force guidelines. The process was overseen by a translation panel (three translators, at least two multiple sclerosis (MS) researchers and a lay person), ACT experts and clinicians from the research team of each country and the original CompACT developers. We debriefed the new questionnaire versions via face-to-face interviews with a minimum of four adults from the general population (GP) and four adults with MS in each country. Results: The translation-adaptation process went smoothly in the three countries, with some items (7 in Italy, 4 in Germany, 6 in Spain) revised after feedback from ACT experts. Cognitive debriefing showed that the CompACT was deemed easy to understand and score in each target country by both GP and MS adults. Conclusions: The Italian, German and Spanish versions of the CompACT have semantic, conceptual and normative equivalence to the original scale and good content validity. Our findings are informative for researchers adapting the CompACT and other self-reported outcome measures into multiple languages and cultures.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Mar 8;19(6):3150

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