Verleger T, Schönfeld M, Säring D, Siemonsen S, Fiehler J, Forkert ND.

OBJECTIVE: 3D Time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography is commonly used for vascular analyses. A quantification of longitudinal morphological changes usually requires the registration of TOF image sequences acquired at different time points. The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of different 3D rigid registration setups such that an optimal quantification of morphological changes can be achieved. METHODS: Eight different rigid registration techniques were implemented and evaluated in this study using the target registration error (TRE) calculated based on 554 landmarks defined in twenty TOF datasets. The registration techniques differed in integration of brain and vessel segmentation masks and usage of a multi-resolution framework. Furthermore, the benefit of a prior volume-of-interest definition for registration accuracy was evaluated. RESULTS: The results revealed that the highest registration accuracies can be achieved using a multi-resolution framework and a cerebrovascular segmentation as mask. Numerically, a mean TRE of 1.1mm was calculated. If applicable, a prior definition of a volume-of-interest allows a reduction of the TRE to only 0.6mm. CONCLUSION: TOF datasets should be registered using vessel segmentations as mask, multi-resolution framework and previous volume-of-interest definition if possible to obtain the highest registration precision. This is especially the case for longitudinal datasets that are separated by several months while the registration technique seems less important for datasets that are only separated by a few days.

Magn Reson Imaging 2014;32:1390-5.

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